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Obstructive Sleep Apnea

Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome (OSAS) is characterized by a functional obstruction of the upper airway resulting in repetitive breathing pauses (apneas) and disruption of sleep (arousals). The common clinical triad of OSAS consists of obesity, excessive daytime sleepiness, and loud snoring.

Excessive daytime sleepiness is a common complaint. Naps tend to be non-refreshing. With extreme sleepiness, the patient may fall asleep during conversation, eating, or driving.

The snoring associated with this syndrome consists of loud snores, gasps, alternating with episodes of silence (apnea). The snoring may be so loud that it disturbs the sleep of the bed partner or others sleeping in close proximity.

The diagnosis of OSAS requires a thorough history, physical examination, and overnight sleep study (nocturnal polysomnogram). Treatment options for OSAS include weight loss, continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP),surgical approaches to the airway (Uvulopalatophyaryngoplasty (UPPP), Laser Assisted Uvuloplasty), and the use of an oral appliance. In addition to excessive daytime sleepiness, OSAS is associated with an increased risk of other problems, including Hypertension and Motor Vehicle Accidents.

To learn more about our Sleep Disorder services, visit Sleep Medicine Associates of Maryland.

Sleep Medicine Associates of Maryland

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